PSHE and Citizenship
We were one of the first schools in Staffordshire to be awarded National Healthy Schools status. PSHE and Citizenship plays a major part in this award, along with Healthy Eating, Emotional Health and Wellbeing and Physical Activity.
So what is it?
Citizenship helps young people to develop the knowledge, skills and conviction to play an effective role in their local, national and global communities. By critically examining issues related to democracy, social justice, human rights and identity & diversity from a range of perspectives, students learn to form their own opinion, speak out and take action on issues important to them. It can roughly be divided into four sub-topics: Democracy and justice; Rights and responsibilities; Identity and diversity – living together in the UK; Sustainable development and the environment.
Citizenship is complimented by the non-statutory guidelines for PSHE Education, or Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education to give it its full title. PSHE Education and Citizenship covers a wide range of subjects such as:
- Drugs, Alcohol and Tobacco
- Emotional Health and Wellbeing
- Nutrition and Physical Activity
- Sex and Relationships Education
Pupils learn about socially and morally responsible behaviour through classroom activities and discussion and through experiences beyond the classroom.
Drugs, Alcohol and Tobacco
Schools have to prepare young people to lead confident, healthy, safe and independent lives. Therefore it is crucial to teach them about drugs, alcohol and tobacco.
Emotional Health and Wellbeing
All pupils are made aware of the emotional health issues that we all face, and are encouraged to support their peers.
Nutrition and Physical Activity
A healthy balance of different types of food provides the energy and nourishment everyone needs to survive and to enjoy life.
Both elements of PSHE Education and Citizenship reflect the fact that education is about helping pupils to develop the knowledge, skills and understanding they need, including developing financial capability, to live confident, independent lives.
Pupils should be able to keep themselves safe in the home, at school, while travelling at work, in play, in sport and in leisure. Safety education helps them to recognise potential risks.
Sex and Relationships Education
Effective Sex and Relationships Education (SRE) is crucial to developing and maintaining emotional and physical health. The Department for Education and Science states that SRE should be firmly rooted within the framework for PSHE and Citizenship.
The subject is taught to all pupils for one discrete lesson per week, and some areas are covered in cross extra curricular activities and in other subjects.
The learning is divided into four strands:
- Developing confidence and responsibility and making the most of their abilities
- Preparing to play an active role as citizens
- Developing a healthy, safer lifestyle
- Developing good relationships and respecting the differences between people
In years five and six, PSHE is based on the Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning programme (SEAL). We aim to develop social and emotional intelligence to create independent, confident and lifelong learners.
In addition to this, in year six ‘Crime and Safety Awareness’ are taught between the Drugs and SRE units. In year five, SRE is based entirely on relationships, and in year six, issues around puberty are discussed.
In years seven and eight a more detailed SRE programme is taught, covering more sensitive issues such as contraception, HIV and sexually transmitted infections and homosexuality.